Primary (5-11): How to write a MORERAPS poem – with Joseph Coelho

We asked Joseph Coelho to teach us how to write MORERAPS poems – ones which feature all of poetry’s ingredients (metaphor, simile, pattern etc). This exercise works nicely in KS2 classrooms – or for fun at home.

Here’s Joe writing a MORERAPS poem from scratch!

Joe says ‘I invented the MORERAPS as a way to help me remember all the different poetic tools we can use when dreaming up poems, each letter of the MORERAPS stands for a poetic device

M – Metaphor: When we describe a thing by saying it is something else – The sun is an oven.

O – Onomatopoeia: Words that are sounds – Bang! Crash! Meow. Moo. Bark. Splish. Splash.

R – Rhyme: This one is easy, we all know about rhyme – The cat sat on the mat.

E – Emotion: Using words in your poem that refer to an emotion – The rain makes me feel sad.

R – Repetition: Repeating a word or a sentence within a poem – I love the sun, I love the sun, I love the sun.

A – Alliteration: A sentence that includes several words that start with the same letter – Shine, smiling sun.

P – Personification: Describing a thing as if it were a person – The sun dances its rays in the blue sky.

S – Simile: Using ‘as’ or ‘like’ to compare – The sun is like my beating heart. 

 

Step 1 – Write out the MORERAPS down the left-hand side of the page.

M
O
R
E
R
A
P
S

Step 2 – Add in each poetic device 

Metaphor
Onomatopoeia
Rhyme
Emotion
Repetition
Alliteration
Personification
Simile

Step 3 – Decide what the subject of your poem will be about. It could be rain, or clouds, your favourite computer game or your best friend. Whatever you like.

Step 4 – Work your way down the list, writing a sentence that uses each one of the poetic devices. Here’s me beginning to write my MORERAPS poem about the sun.

Metaphor – The sun is a fiery eye in the blue sky
Onomatopoeia – It sizzles in the blue sky
Rhyme – The sun is always fun.
Emotion – It dries my tears when I cry.
Repetition – I love the sun, I love the sun, I love the sun.
Alliteration – Sweet, smiling sun.
Personification – The sun dances its rays in the blue sky

Step 5 – Once your poem is written why not share it, try reading it aloud to friends or family or you could try writing the poem out without the MORERAPS.

The sun is a fiery eye in the blue sky.
It sizzles in the blue sky.
The sun is always fun.
It dries my tears when I cry.
I love the sun, I love the sun, I love the sun.
Sweet, smiling sun.
The sun dances its rays in the blue sky
The is like my beating heart.

Step 6 – You could even edit the poem, try changing the order of the lines, removing lines or making up entirely new lines, like this –

The Sun

The sun is a flaming beach ball of fun.
It sizzles in the blue sky.
Sweet, smiling sun.
It dries my tears when I cry.
The sun is like my beating heart.
It’s a fiery eye in the blue sky.
I love the sun, I love the sun, I love the sun.
It comforts me when I cry.

For more poem writing activities check out Joe’s book How To Write Poems published by Bloomsbury and the poetry videos on his website. If you would like to get in touch with Joe, then why not tag him on Twitter @JosephACoelho and on instagram @jospehcoelhoauthor.